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Obstetrics & Gynecology Surgery

Obstetrics and gynaecology are two surgical specialties, often abbreviated OB/GYN, that deal with female reproductive organs. The field of obstetrics specifically focuses on pregnancy and child delivery, whereas gynaecology takes a broader stance and is concerned with general female reproductive health. Surgeons in these two areas operate on a myriad of sensitive structures.

Procedures at GRMC

Amniocentesis -- a procedure used to diagnose fetal defects in the early second trimester of pregnancy.

Cesarean section -- a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby.

Dilatation and curettage (D & C) is a gynecological procedure in which the cervix is dilated (expanded) and the lining of the uterus (endometrium) is scraped away.

Endometrial ablation (an alternative to traditional hysterectomies) -- a procedure recommended for women with small fibroids, the entire lining of the uterus is removed. After undergoing endometrial ablation, patients are no longer fertile.

Tubal Ligation -- a permanent voluntary form of birth control (contraception) in which a woman's fallopian tubes are surgically cut or blocked off to prevent pregnancy.

Hysterectomy -- the surgical removal of all or part of the uterus.

Myomectomy -- the removal of fibroids (non-cancerous tumors) from the wall of the uterus.

Unilateral oophorectomy (also called an ovariectomy) -- the surgical removal of an ovary. If one ovary is removed, a woman may continue to menstruate and have children.